of ants in Gambia are pretty harmless,
but a few common species boast a very painful bite. One type of which you
should especially be on the lookout for is the Army (or Driver) ant,
who most often marches through tunnels made by his companionsí bodies.
They are mostly found in places of water and moisture, e.g. gardens,
lawns of hotels, and everywhere in the rainy season.
When they bite,
they clap on and often draw blood. Their pincers hold on so tightly
that they have been traditionally used as sutures to close a wound; if
you remove its body, its head will remain firmly attached to your
skin. If you are bitten, make sure you clean the site of the bite,
applying antiseptic to avoid infection.
Gambian Ant Species List:
rotundatus subsp. guineensis
Dorylus (all T)
fulvus subsp. glabratus
olivieri subsp. delagoensis
olivieri subsp. lemma*
rufoglaucus subsp. controversus
sericeus (T; E&B)
vividus (T; C): pseudogyne in Collingwood collection.
lividus (C): unlikely, as it is not found elsewhere in Africa.
capensis subsp. guineensis
capensis subsp. laevis
longinoda (T; E&B)
E&B also list smaragdina, but this is probably erroneous.
emeryi - a widespread tramp species.
chiarinii subsp. taediosa (T)
impressa subsp. brazzai (T)