Gambia's climate is a sub-tropical climate with two
variations of distinct dry and rainy seasons. The dry season
generally starts in October and ends around mid-June each
year. The best time of the year to go on holiday to Gambia
is between early November to early April, when the beaches
are a lot more pleasant for sunbathing.
Fanned by the north-east trade winds the average
daytime temperature along the Atlantic beach hotel
resorts is 24 Centigrade / 75.2
Fahrenheit. The average daytime temperature for the whole country is
32°C / 91°F.
In the evenings the temperature drops to around 16°C / 60°F.
Along the western part of the country, known as he Kombos,
temperatures are moderated by Atlantic Ocean with less seasonal
and daily variability in daytime temperatures. There are about
9 hours of sunshine everyday with virtually clear skies during
the dry spell.
to May the humidity level is at 50-60%. This period is
characterised by several phases. The first half of this period is
generally cool and dry and the early
stages can sometimes be marked by
cloudy days but no rain and there is considerable cooling off in the
evening. The second half is
marked by very cool, dry winds in the evenings and warm sunny days on
the coast and at the
between February and May, the climate is characterised by
the so called Harmattan where the air is very dry, dusty winds
add a haze to the atmosphere making visibility difficult (50m.)
and puts a blanket of fine dust particles (from the Sahara
and Sahel) over the land. This lasts for around one or two
weeks at a time.
distinct climatic season is the rainy
known locally as "Nawet", which
is caused by the summer heat causing the air in the Sahara to rise
thus creating an area of low pressure which encourages monsoons as it
meets with the north east trade winds coming of the Atlantic Ocean in
an inter-tropical front. Fog can occur off the coast when the
relatively warm Guinea stream meets the cooler Canary
current. This rainy period starts around the middle of
June and ends around the middle of October with August being the
wettest month of the year. Relative humidity levels can rise
to 95% and temperatures can reach a skin tingling 43 Celsius / 109.4
precipitation in most parts of the country is around 51 inches (1,296 Millimetres) and sunny periods occur on most days.
The storms are very often short and spectacular as huge volumes of
rain descend on the land transforming from brown parched patches to a
to a rich green landscape of foliage. Normally the cloudbursts occur
during the night time and when they occur during the day they are
short-lived leaving clear blue skies. For birdwatchers and anglers
this is the best time to come and visit Gambia as the land and
wildlife burst into life.
on Your Holiday:
Because of the rainy conditions at this time of the year it
also becomes the malaria season as mosquito populations run
rampant and it is advisable to rub some insect repellent particularly
during the hours of dusk. The high humidity in August and
September causes the atmosphere to feel unbearably sticky
so when on your travel excursions
drink plenty of water.
Average Mean Conditions:
||24°C / 75°F
||32°C / 89°F
||16°C / 61°F
|Barometer air pressure
|Rainfall per annum
|Longitude: 16.63 W
Latitude: 13.20 N
What to wear on Vacation:
of the hot climate the best clothes to bring along
to Gambia are casual and loose fitting, preferably
cotton shorts and T-shirts for more comfort. A hat
is also recommended as protection against the scorching
afternoon sun. During the winter months the evenings
can sometimes be quite cool and breezy, so a sweater
or jacket may be useful.