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Gambia Telecommunications Sector
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Telecoms Statistics:
In Gambia a higher proportion of households have owned mobile telephones (65.1%) than fixed telephones (20.6%). In the urban areas, 76.5% of households owned a mobile as against 54.8% of households having owned a mobile in the rural areas.

The provision of fixed telephone in the different categories of the institutions is sufficient. Generally, the penetration rate on the availability of telephone lines is at 42.0%. With regard to the number of telephone lines in workplaces, the studies results shows that on average only 4.0% of institutions do not have any fixed lineset in the workplace. On the other hand, on the average, 31.2% and 33.7% of institutions respectively reported to have one and at least two lines in the workplaces.

Telecommunication Links:
Reports show that the Gambia Telecommunication Company (GAMTEL) has laid a fibre optic cable on the south bank of the river that run across the country. The country has a fixed line telephone penetration rate of 3.1%. The penetration rate of 6% in urban areas and about 1% in the rural areas. Combined with mobile phones there is a total penetration rate increased from 18.35% in 2005 to 21.6% in 2006.

GSM Operators:
There are 4 GSM operators Gamcel, Africell, Comium Mobile and the latest entrant QCell providing mobile telephone services  via GSM 800-900 networks with countrywide coverage. There was a rapid increase in the number of mobile subscribers in the Gambia since 2001. The mobile telephone penetration rate has increased from 7.3% in 2003 to 16.9% in 2006.

A number of Tele-Centres existed in both the urban and rural areas making the phone services accessible to the general populace in almost all parts of the country.

Fixed Telephony System:
There has been a significant increase in the number of telephone line subscribers over the three years period despite the fact that rates for fixed line local calls during non-busy and busy periods have doubled, i.e. have increased from D0.30 per minute to D0.60 per minute.


*Note: Since the report of 2007 there has been a rapid rise in the use of smartphone technology and a dramatic fall in the subscription of phone land line use.


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