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Bolong Fenyo Community Wildlife Reserve, Gambia
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Introduction:
On the 25th March 2008 the Secretary of State for Forestry & Environment gazetted / declared Bolong Fenyo as the Gambia's first Community Wildlife Reserve. The site is located in the Village of Gunjur, Kombo South, along 2 kilometres of the Atlantic Coastline. Its area's geographical coordinates are 1647 E - 16 47 E - 1321N -1323N and covers a total area of 345 hectares. Its distance from Banjul is 35 km.

Ecosystem:
This area of Gunjur incorporates mangroves, dry woodlands and coastal dune scrub. The area is very fragile and provides critical roosting ground for both residential and migratory species of birds. It is also a breeding ground for green turtles. Such ecosystems include marine, coastal dune, fresh water mash,  mangrove, woodland/savanna and thicket. The presence of mangroves makes it an ecologically important locations for spawning and chick rearing.

However, human activity in the area is damaging the delicate ecosystem. Because of the threat the Gunjur Environmental Protection and Development Group, the local people, the Department of Parks and Wildlife and the World Bank came together for the project which is called the Integrated Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Management Project.

Avi-Fauna:
The importance of the area is because of the diversity of bird species found their which for example is a roosting and feeding area for sea gulls, terns, and other avian species. Because its shoreline location is on the western most tip of Africa means that it is one of the stop-overs on the flight path for many Palearctic migrants species. Among these are Caspian terns, black winged stilt, black backed gull. In 2006, 76 species of birds (marine and woodland), were recorded from Bolong Fenyo.

Fauna:
So far 11 reptilian species and 16 mammal species have been recorded. Past the shoreline there are 3 crab species, bottle nose dolphins and Humpback bottle nose dolphins, mudskippers and jellyfish. The green turtle which is a threatened species also comes to lay its eggs on the beach.

Among the reptiles are: black forest cobra, spitting cobra, geckoes, Nile monitor, chameleon and the African python.

Among the mammals are: Sun squirrel, Epaulet fruit bats, hare, Gambian mongoose, the porcupine and others.

Flora:
Typical plants in the woodland and scrub are Rhun palm, African locust bean, baobab, Acacia and mango trees.


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